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Knowledge and attitudes of Syrian medical students regarding robotic surgery: A cross sectional study

Knowledge and attitudes of Syrian medical students regarding
robotic surgery: A cross sectional study 

Sarya Swed, M.D1 , Haidara Bohsas, M.D1 , Hidar Alibrahim, M.D1 , Amine Rakab, M.D2 , Noheir A.I. Hassan, M.D3 ,
Mohamed Nour Nasif, M.D1* , Huzaifa Ahmad Cheema, M.D4 , Bisher Sawaf, M.D5 , Mohamed Elsayed, M.D6 ,
Mohammad Ebad Ur Rehman, M.D7 , Sheikh Shoib, M.D8 , Mohammad Badr Almoshantaf, M.D9 , Wael Hafez, M.D 


Background: The purpose of this research was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of Syrian Arab republic medical students
concerning robotic surgery.
Methods: An online cross-sectional study was conducted in Syria from 5 April to 17 may, 2022. The research included undergraduate
medical students from government and private Syrian universities. The questionnaire was taken from a previous study and then modified
to suit Syrian students, which was used to assess attitudes about robotic surgery.
Results: 862 medical students from governmental (92.2%) and private (7.8%) medical colleges filled out the online survey. 40.8% were
interested in surgery specialties and, nearly half (46.3%) considered themselves as no tech-savvy persons. However, just 22.6% had prior
robotic surgical knowledge, where the largest source of knowledge was the internet. A majority of the students (57.3%) had a favorable
attitude toward robotic surgery, and 59.1% of them believed that the use of robots will lead to improvements in the results of surgical
procedures. 40% of the participants considered that Syrian patients would not accept it. Furthermore, 40% were worried that robots could
take the place of surgeons in the future, and (50.6%) believe this might make surgeons weak, hesitant, and less professional.
Conclusion: A large number of medical students in Syria have no experience with robotic surgery and know nothing about the procedures.
Several recommendations should be made to improve clinical teaching using modern technology and robotic surgery, particularly for
medical students interested in surgery.